Milena Methodieva

Assistant Professor of Ottoman, Turkish, and Balkan history
Near andMiddle Eastern Civilizations, 4 Bancroft Avenue, Room 306 Toronto, ON, M5S 1C1


Fields of Study

Areas of Interest

  • Late Ottoman political, social, and intellectual history
  • Turkey, 1920s-30s
  • Migrations and mobility
  • Nationalism
  • Minorities and majorities
  • Islam and Muslims in the Balkans


Milena Methodieva is a scholar of Ottoman, Balkan, and Turkish history. She received her PhD from Princeton, MA from Bilkent University, Turkey, and BA from the American University in Bulgaria. Her scholarship is concerned with the political, social, and intellectual transformations in the late Ottoman empire, its successors in the Balkans, and modern Turkey. She is interested in exploring history from the perspective of marginalized groups and showing their role in the historical process. Her work often looks at events in transnational context. She also has an interest in the past and present of Islam, Muslims, and Muslim culture in the Balkans.

Milena Methodieva is the author of Between Empire and Nation: Muslim Reform in the Balkans (Stanford University Press, 2021). The book tells the story of the transformation of the Muslim community in modern Bulgaria during a period of imperial dissolution, conflicting national and imperial enterprises, and the emergence of new national and ethnic identities. Drawing on multilingual primary sources and archival research in Turkey and Bulgaria, it explores how these former Ottoman subjects navigated between empire and nation-state, and sought to claim a place in the larger modern world.

Dr. Methodieva currently works on two research projects. “Migrant Tales (1870s-1920s)” looks at population migrations, the end of the Ottoman imperial order, and the making of modern Turkey. “Exporting the Kemalist Revolution (1920s-30s)” examines the reception and interpretation of Turkey’s Kemalist reforms among Muslim communities in the Balkans.


PhD, Princeton University
MA, Bilkent University
BA, American University in Bulgaria