Clemens Reichel

Associate Professor of Mesopotamian Archaeology
Near and Middle Eastern Civilizations, 4 Bancroft Avenue, Room 406, Toronto, ON, M5S 1C1


Fields of Study

Areas of Interest

  • Rise of urbanism in the ancient Near East
  • Emergence of bureaucratic complexity
  • Early warfare and conflict management
  • Text archaeology (conceptual approaches to integrated archaeological/textual research)

(On Leave: January 1 to December 31, 2024)


As a Mesopotamian Archaeologist trained at the University of Chicago (Ph.D. 2001), my research focuses on the ancient cultures of Sumer, Assyria and Babylonia. Field work has encompassed much of my career. Since 1992 I have excavated widely in Syria, Jordan, Turkey, and Egypt, mostly focusing of various aspects of urban development. Between 2005 and 2010 I co-directed the Syrian-American excavations at Hamoukar in Northeastern Syria, a Late Chalcolithic and Early Bronze age urban center. Since 2002, I have also directed the online publication of 15,000 unpublished artifacts from the Diyala Expedition, conducted by the University of Chicago’s Oriental Institute during the 1930s. In the near future I hope to commence excavations at the site of Tell al-Uqair (Southern Iraq) to further investigate the emergence of urbanism within Southern Mesopotamia around 4000 BC. 


PhD, University of Chicago